Skip Navigation Links

Project Information

EXPOSURE TO BIRACIAL AMERICANS AND CHANGES IN ESSENTIALIST BELIEFS

Agency:
NSF

National Science Foundation

Project Number:
1226201
Contact PI / Project Leader:
SANCHEZ, DIANA T
Awardee Organization:
RUTGERS THE ST UNIV OF NJ NEW BRUNSWICK

Description

Abstract Text:
The number of Americans who self-identify as belonging to more than one race has grown to over 9 million, emerging as one of the fastest growing demographic groups in the United States. There has been much discussion, in both academic disciplines and public forums, about the impact of mixed-race population growth on peoples' stereotypes and prejudices about racial groups, and particularly how biracially-identified individuals may challenge underlying beliefs about racial categories themselves.

This project will examine the impact of exposure to biracial identified, racially ambiguous individuals on White perceivers' beliefs about social categories. Using a naturalistic longitudinal study of recent arrivals to Hawaii (a largely multiracial context) and a series of laboratory experiments in the U.S. mainland, this project tests whether Whites' exposure to biracially identified individuals causes Whites to believe that society is moving away from biological, discrete views of racial categories and to subsequently decrease their personal endorsement of essentialism. Moreover, this proposal tests two seemingly contradictory consequences of essentialist belief change. On the one hand, essentialism reduction should lead to more favorable attitudes towards racial minorities and less use of social categories in judgment. On the other hand, recognizing that society has become less essentialist may increase perceptions of racial equity and racial progress and lower support for diversity policies (e.g., affirmative action).

By identifying the positive and negative consequences of reduced essentialism and the conditions under which reductions occur, this project will aid in identifying potential intergroup interventions that involve naturally occurring challenges to essentialism (e.g., biracial exposure) and help us understand how they operate (e.g., through changing beliefs about societal norms and expanding individuals' cognitive flexibility).
Project Terms:
American; Attitude; Belief; Biological; Categories; Cognitive; Discipline; essentialism; Exposure to; flexibility; Hawaii; Individual; Intervention; Judgment; Laboratories; Lead; Longitudinal Studies; Minority; Perception; Policies; Population Growth; Prejudice; Race; research study; Series; social; Societies; Stereotyping; Testing; United States

Details

Contact PI / Project Leader Information:
Name:  SANCHEZ, DIANA T
Other PI Information:
Not Applicable
Awardee Organization:
Name:  RUTGERS THE ST UNIV OF NJ NEW BRUNSWICK
City:  NEW BRUNSWICK    
Country:  UNITED STATES
Congressional District:
State Code:  NJ
District:  06
Other Information:
Fiscal Year: 2012
Award Notice Date:
DUNS Number: 001912864
Project Start Date: 01-Sep-2012
Budget Start Date:
CFDA Code: 47.075
Project End Date: 31-Aug-2015
Budget End Date:
Agency: ?

Agency: The entity responsible for the administering of a research grant, project, or contract. This may represent a federal department, agency, or sub-agency (institute or center). Details on agencies in Federal RePORTER can be found in the FAQ page.

National Science Foundation
Project Funding Information for 2012:
Year Agency

Agency: The entity responsible for the administering of a research grant, project, or contract. This may represent a federal department, agency, or sub-agency (institute or center). Details on agencies in Federal RePORTER can be found in the FAQ page.

FY Total Cost
2012 NSF

National Science Foundation

$364,395

Results

i

It is important to recognize, and consider in any interpretation of Federal RePORTER data, that the publication and patent information cannot be associated with any particular year of a research project. The lag between research being conducted and the availability of its results in a publication or patent award varies substantially. For that reason, it's difficult, if not impossible, to associate a publication or patent with any specific year of the project. Likewise, it is not possible to associate a publication or patent with any particular supplement to a research project or a particular subproject of a multi-project grant.

ABOUT FEDERAL REPORTER RESULTS

Publications: i

Click on the column header to sort the results

PubMed = PubMed PubMed Central = PubMed Central Google Scholar = Google Scholar

Patents: i

Click on the column header to sort the results

Similar Projects

Download Adobe Acrobat Reader:Adobe Acrobat VERSION: 3.41.0 Release Notes
Back to Top