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Project Information

SCH: KHEALTH: SEMANTIC MULTISENSORY MOBILE APPROACH TO PERSONALIZED ASTHMA CARE

Agency:
NICHD

HHS/NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Project Number:
1R01HD087132-01
Contact PI / Project Leader:
SHETH, AMIT P
Awardee Organization:
WRIGHT STATE UNIVERSITY

Description

Abstract Text:
´╗┐PROJECT SUMMARY (See instructions): The proliferation of smartphones and sensors has made continuous monitoring of physiology, environment, and public health notifications possible. However, personalized digital health and patient empowerment will become reality only if massive multisensory and multimodal observational data is processed within patient context and made actionable to enable early detection; better diagnosis, effective prevention and treatment of the disease; and improve the quality of life. This research will be performed in the context of asthma, which affects 300 million people and claims over 250,000 lives worldwide annually. According to CDC, 9.3% of US children have asthma. Understanding asthma and its management is challenging; it is a multifactorial disease with subjective causes and symptoms, and extant diagnosis and treatment guidelines can be improved using evidence-based action recommendation. With the advent of mobile and connected sensors, timely information about asthma triggers has become available, and its exploitation requires precisely understanding and quantifying the sensed data's role for preventive and proactive assessment of asthma. In this application led by computer scientists and a practicing clinician, we address the central problem of deriving actionable information from data monitored using kHealth technology. Through a pilot study, we have tested our kHealth kit equipped on several pediatric patients under the guidance of a clinical doctor for reliable data collection and patient operation, with promising initial results. We build on this foundation by addressing the problem of semantic representation, integration, abstraction, and personalized interpretation of heterogeneous observations spanning physiological, environmental data, and online data in the context of medical knowledge. Our primary hypothesis is that an evidence-based approach to asthma can help doctors determine more precisely the cause, severity and control of asthma, and can alert patients to seek timely clinical assistance to better manage asthma.
Project Terms:
abstracting; Accounting; Acute; Address; Affect; Air; Albuterol; Algorithms; Ambrosia; Area; Asthma; asthma prevention; asthmatic patient; base; Big Data; Biological Sciences; Breathing; Caring; Cellular Phone; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.); Cereals; Child; Child health care; Childhood; Childhood Asthma; Clinic; Clinical; clinical application; Clupeidae; Coal Mining; Collaborations; computer based Semantic Analysis; Computers; Consult; Consultations; cost; Coughing; Data; Data Analyses; Data Analytics; Data Collection; data mining; Data Sources; Decision Making; design; Detection; Development Plans; Diagnosis; digital; Dimensions; Disease; Doctor of Medicine; Dust; Early Diagnosis; Education; Effectiveness; empowered; empowerment; Entrepreneurship; Environment; Environment and Public Health; Environmental Wind; Ethnic Origin; Evaluation; Event; evidence base; experience; Exposure to; Faculty; fall risk; falls; Family; Finding by Cause; Foundations; Future; Genes; Glean; Goals; grass pollen; Guidelines; handheld mobile device; Health; Health Care Costs; Health Communication; health data; health disparity; health literacy; Healthcare; Home environment; Hospitals; Human; Humidity; Hydrocarbons; Hypersensitivity; improved; Individual; Informatics; information organization; Inhalators; innovation; insight; Institutional Review Boards; Instruction; interest; Internet; Intervention; Knowledge; Lead; Learning; Location; Machine Learning; Medical; medical schools; Medicine; member; men; mid-career faculty; Mission; mobile application; Modeling; Molds; Monitor; multisensory; National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; National Institute of Child Health and Human Development; Nitric Oxide; Notification; Office Visits; Ontology; operation; Ozone; Parkinson Disease; Patient Care; Patient Monitoring; Patient Recruitments; Patients; pediatric patients; Pediatrics; Perception; Persons; Pharmaceutical Preparations; Phase; Physicians; Physiologic Monitoring; Physiological; Physiology; Pilot Projects; Pollen; Population; prevent; Prevention; Preventive; Process; Public Health; Qualifying; Quality of life; Recommendation; Recording of previous events; Regulation; Reporting; Research; respiratory; Risk; Role; Scientist; Semantics; sensor; Sensory; Serinus; Severities; Signal Transduction; Socioeconomic Status; sound; Source; statistics; Students; Symptoms; System; Techniques; Technology; Temperature; Testing; Time; tree pollen; trend; United States Food and Drug Administration; Visit; web services; Weight; Wheezing; Work

Details

Contact PI / Project Leader Information:
Name:  SHETH, AMIT P
Other PI Information:
Not Applicable
Awardee Organization:
Name:  WRIGHT STATE UNIVERSITY
City:  DAYTON    
Country:  UNITED STATES
Congressional District:
State Code:  OH
District:  07
Other Information:
Fiscal Year: 2016
Award Notice Date: 10-Jun-2016
DUNS Number: 047814256
Project Start Date: 01-Jul-2016
Budget Start Date: 01-Jul-2016
CFDA Code: 865
Project End Date: 30-Jun-2019
Budget End Date: 30-Jun-2017
Agency: ?

Agency: The entity responsible for the administering of a research grant, project, or contract. This may represent a federal department, agency, or sub-agency (institute or center). Details on agencies in Federal RePORTER can be found in the FAQ page.

HHS/NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
Project Funding Information for 2016:
Year Agency

Agency: The entity responsible for the administering of a research grant, project, or contract. This may represent a federal department, agency, or sub-agency (institute or center). Details on agencies in Federal RePORTER can be found in the FAQ page.

FY Total Cost
2016 NICHD

HHS/NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

$304,140

Results

i

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