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Project Information

GENETIC IMPROVEMENT OF EASTERN OYSTER STOCKS FOR AQUACULTURE

Agency:
NIFA

USDA/National Institute of Food and Agriculture

Project Number:
1004475
Contact PI / Project Leader:
GUO, X, .
Awardee Organization:
RBHS -CANCER INSTITUTE OF NEW JERSEY

Description

Abstract Text:
Oyster aquaculture is a major industry in the US and worldwide. The sustainable development of oyster aquaculture is increasingly dependent on technological advances. Currently there are a number of problems and challenges facing the oyster aquaculture industry, where genetic research and development can contribute greatly. First, eastern oyster populations along much of the Atlantic coast have been devastated by three diseases: Dermo (caused by Perkinsus marinus), MSX (Haplosporidium nelsoni) and ROD (caused by Roseovarius crassostreae). Each of these diseases can caused severe mortalities in naïve oysters. The development of disease resistant strains is critically important for the oyster aquaculture industry. Secondly, most oyster stocks in production have only limited history of domestication, and genetic improvements are needed to produce stocks with desirable characteristics for aquaculture. The eastern oyster grows slowly and it often takes 24 - 36 months to reach market size. Stocks with superior growth will greatly benefit oyster farmers.The advent of modern breeding technologies offers new promises to the aquaculture industry. Advances in genomics may identify new genes or markers that greatly empower genetic improvement of cultured stocks. The development of sterile and fast-growing triploids (with three sets of chromosomes) can also greatly benefit oyster aquaculture. The goal of this project is to improve animal health and increase oyster production through the development of superior stocks that are disease resistant, fast growing, sterile and of high meat quality, and sterile. Specifically, we propose to: 1) test and apply marker-assisted selection for disease resistance; and 2) study and improve genome stability of tetraploid stocks for the production of superior triploids that have become a popular stock for oyster farming.
Project Terms:
Animals; Aquaculture; Breeding; Characteristics; Chromosomes; Development; Disease; Disease Resistance; empowered; farmer; Farming environment; Genes; Genetic; Genetic Research; Genome Stability; Genomics; Goals; Growth; Health; improved; Industry; Marketing; Meat; Oysters; Population; Production; Recording of previous events; research and development; resistant strain; Sterility; Sustainable Development; Technology; Testing

Details

Contact PI / Project Leader Information:
Name:  GUO, X, .
Other PI Information:
Not Applicable
Awardee Organization:
Name:  RBHS -CANCER INSTITUTE OF NEW JERSEY
City:  NEW BRUNSWICK    
Country:  UNITED STATES
Congressional District:
State Code:  NJ
District: 
Other Information:
Fiscal Year: 2015
Award Notice Date:
DUNS Number: 078728091
Project Start Date: 02-Oct-2014
Budget Start Date:
CFDA Code: 10.207
Project End Date: 30-Sep-2019
Budget End Date:
Agency: ?

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USDA/National Institute of Food and Agriculture
Project Funding Information for 2015:

No funding information available for Project Number: 1004475

Results

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