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Project Information

ESTABLISHING THREAT OF XYLELLA FASTIDIOSA WITHIN WOODY BIOMASS SPECIES IN THE GREATER NEW JERSEY AREA

Agency:
NIFA

USDA/National Institute of Food and Agriculture

Project Number:
0222843
Contact PI / Project Leader:
KOBAYASHI, D. Y.
Awardee Organization:
RUTGERS THE ST UNIV OF NJ NEW BRUNSWICK

Description

Abstract Text:
Bacterial leaf scorch (BLS) is a devastating disease of oak and other shade trees. As part of on-going surveys for the disease in several communities, it was determined that the total value for trees with BLS was $2.4 million for two communities combined. We estimate that many of these trees will be removed within the next 10-year period; thus, these communities must plan for these losses and take preventive measures to reduce future losses. Without a clear understanding of BLS of oak, however, it is difficult to devise preventive or remedial strategies that community arborists can use to delay or manage the epidemic. The biology and spread of BLS, caused by the bacterium Xylella fastidiosa, is complex and is determined in large part by the species of insects that vector the bacterium, bacterial strain, species/genetics of the host tree, and alternative hosts (plants that harbor the bacterium and may serve as a reservoir for disease). Critical to the understanding of BLS of oak is development of sensitive detection methods sufficient to detect the pathogen in shade trees, alternative host vegetation, and vectors. In addition, assessment of a) key components of the epidemic (including hosts, vectors, and the alternative host vegetation that may serve as potential reservoirs of the pathogen), b) the distribution of the disease throughout the range of susceptible shade tree hosts, and c) therapeutic options for disease management in the field is expected to contribute significantly towards managing the disease and slowing its devastating impact on the state and region.
Project Terms:
Area; Bacteria; Biology; Biomass; Communities; Complex; Detection; Development; Disease; Disease Management; Disease Reservoirs; Epidemic; Future; Genetic; Insect Vectors; Measures; Methods; New Jersey; pathogen; Plant Leaves; Plants; Preventive; Surveys; Therapeutic; Trees; vector; Xylella

Details

Contact PI / Project Leader Information:
Name:  KOBAYASHI, D. Y.
Other PI Information:
GOULD, A B
Awardee Organization:
Name:  RUTGERS THE ST UNIV OF NJ NEW BRUNSWICK
City:  NEW BRUNSWICK    
Country:  UNITED STATES
Congressional District:
State Code:  NJ
District: 
Other Information:
Fiscal Year: 2010
Award Notice Date:
DUNS Number: 001912864
Project Start Date: 01-Jul-2010
Budget Start Date:
CFDA Code: 10.202
Project End Date: 30-Jun-2015
Budget End Date:
Agency: ?

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USDA/National Institute of Food and Agriculture
Project Funding Information for 2010:

No funding information available for Project Number: 0222843

Results

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