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Project Information

COMMERCIAL GREENHOUSE PRODUCTION: COMPONENT AND SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT

Agency:
NIFA

USDA/National Institute of Food and Agriculture

Project Number:
0215808
Contact PI / Project Leader:
BOTH, AR.
Awardee Organization:
RUTGERS THE ST UNIV OF NJ NEW BRUNSWICK

Description

Abstract Text:
Topic 1: Energy conservation and alternative energy sources Justification: As oil prices approach $100 per barrel, rising energy costs are clearly a concern for greenhouse growers. Strategies to reduce energy consumption, particularly for heating, include management, maintenance and, where justified, investment for upgrades of facilities and equipment. Topic 2: Water and nutrient solution management Justification: Optimizing the management of nutrient delivery systems, through control of electrical conductivity, can ensure plants are only provided the fertilizer concentration needed for healthy growth, without risk of nutrient deficiencies or the potential for nutrient toxicities and fertilizer runoff that result from fertilizer over-application. Topic 3: Sensors and control systems Justification: It is important to accurately measure and interpret the greenhouse environment in order to provide an optimum environment throughout a cropping cycle. Growers use a range of sensors and control systems, from manual control all the way to sophisticated computer control. Topic 4: Environmental effects on plant composition Justification: Research conducted by team members has the potential to make contributions to the fields of genetic engineering and human health. By manipulating the plant environment, it may be possible to stimulate specific gene expressions in plants, or increase the production and/or the quality of compounds important for the nutritional value of specific plants. Topic 5: Natural ventilation design and control Justification: Natural ventilation of greenhouses involves the use of sidewall and/or roof vents to cool the air and reduce humidity. Reducing heat stress and diseases caused by high temperature and humidity have a direct effect on the profitability of the greenhouse operation. Outcomes/Impacts: 1. Evaluation of biomass as a replacement fuel for propane and natural gas. 2. Optimized Argus Nutrient Delivery System. 3. Improved measurement and control techniques for using soil moisture sensors for crop irrigation. 4. Improved nutrient delivery systems that effectively incorporate recycling of nutrient solutions while maintaining optimum plant health and quality. 5. Improved grower investment advice for energy efficient use of heating fuels, including alternative fuels. 6. Improved understanding of greenhouse water use to allow for a reduction in water use as an input to crop production, including in semi-arid regions. 7. Improved natural ventilation models using CFD techniques, resulting in real-time control of natural ventilation of greenhouses. 8. Improved collaboration and information exchange with commercial greenhouse manufacturers represented by the NGMA (National Greenhouse Manufacturers' Association). In addition, commercial growers will have economic data on which to base decisions regarding: 1. Switching to various energy conservation measures and alternative energy sources. 2. Adopting improved nutrient deliver systems. 3. Using natural ventilation systems.
Project Terms:
Adopted; Air; base; Biomass; Collaborations; Computers; Consumption; cost; Data; design; Disease; Economics; Electric Conductivity; Energy-Generating Resources; Ensure; Environment; Environmental air flow; Equipment; Evaluation; Fertilizers; Gene Expression; Genetic Engineering; Growth; Health; Heat Stress Disorders; Heating; High temperature of physical object; Human; Humidity; improved; Investments; Irrigation; Maintenance; Manuals; Manufacturer Name; Measurement; Measures; member; Modeling; Natural Gas; Nutrient; Nutritional; Oils; operation; Outcome; Plants; Price; Production; Propane; Recycling; Research; Risk; sensor; Soil; Solutions; System; Systems Development; Techniques; Time; Toxic effect; Vent; Water

Details

Contact PI / Project Leader Information:
Name:  BOTH, AR.
Other PI Information:
BRUMFIELD, R; WULSTER, G
Awardee Organization:
Name:  RUTGERS THE ST UNIV OF NJ NEW BRUNSWICK
City:  NEW BRUNSWICK    
Country:  UNITED STATES
Congressional District:
State Code:  NJ
District: 
Other Information:
Fiscal Year: 2009
Award Notice Date:
DUNS Number: 001912864
Project Start Date: 01-Oct-2008
Budget Start Date:
CFDA Code: 10.203
Project End Date: 30-Sep-2013
Budget End Date:
Agency: ?

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USDA/National Institute of Food and Agriculture
Project Funding Information for 2009:

No funding information available for Project Number: 0215808

Results

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