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Project Information

HCC: SMALL: COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH: ASSESSING TECHNOLOGY REQUIREMENTS FOR PREVENTING TEAMWORK ERRORS IN SAFETY-CRITICAL SETTINGS

Agency:
NSF

National Science Foundation

Project Number:
0915871
Contact PI / Project Leader:
LESK, MICHAEL E
Awardee Organization:
RUTGERS THE ST UNIV OF NJ NEW BRUNSWICK

Description

Abstract Text:
The staff in trauma centers are faced with complex problems under time pressure. Despite the introduction of standard protocols, the diversity of injuries that can occur requires a coordinated approach to the evaluation and treatment for each patient. Trauma care involves complex teamwork under time pressure, and teamwork errors endanger patient care and increase costs. Our proposed ethnographic study will use observation and detailed analysis of video recordings of trauma resuscitations to determine the nature and extent of teamwork errors in a trauma center. This detailed study of complex teamwork will uncover the causes of teamwork errors in collaborative high-risk environments. Methods will be developed to understand how teams work and where difficulties arise. This work will yield detailed descriptions of errors and their causes, a taxonomy of teamwork errors, information on how to improve team performance, and guides to the use of technology for teamwork support. It extends the level of detail of ethnographic research so that we can achieve precision in the understanding of procedures which are difficult to monitor automatically but where step-by-step records are essential to detect the causes of errors.

Understanding and improving the effectiveness of trauma teams has direct benefit to society. Further, complex collaborations are ubiquitous in modern enterprises and these results could improve collaborations both in terms of quality and productivity across organizations. In addition, this work will serve to develop the skills needed by a new cadre of researchers with knowledge of computer-supported collaborative work, video-content analysis and cooperative research.
Project Terms:
Caring; Collaborations; Complex; Computers; cost; Effectiveness; Environment; Ethnography; Evaluation; high risk; improved; Injury; Knowledge; Methods; Monitor; Nature; Patient Care; Patients; Performance; pressure; prevent; Procedures; Productivity; Protocols documentation; Records; Research; Research Personnel; Resuscitation; Safety; skills; Societies; Taxonomy; Technology; Time; Trauma; trauma centers; Video Recording; Work

Details

Contact PI / Project Leader Information:
Name:  LESK, MICHAEL E
Other PI Information:
SARCEVIC, ALEKSANDRA; MARSIC, IVAN
Awardee Organization:
Name:  RUTGERS THE ST UNIV OF NJ NEW BRUNSWICK
City:  NEW BRUNSWICK    
Country:  UNITED STATES
Congressional District:
State Code:  NJ
District:  06
Other Information:
Fiscal Year: 2009
Award Notice Date: 21-Sep-2009
DUNS Number: 001912864
Project Start Date: 15-Sep-2009
Budget Start Date:
CFDA Code: 47.070
Project End Date: 31-Aug-2012
Budget End Date:
Agency: ?

Agency: The entity responsible for the administering of a research grant, project, or contract. This may represent a federal department, agency, or sub-agency (institute or center). Details on agencies in Federal RePORTER can be found in the FAQ page.

National Science Foundation
Project Funding Information for 2009:
Year Agency

Agency: The entity responsible for the administering of a research grant, project, or contract. This may represent a federal department, agency, or sub-agency (institute or center). Details on agencies in Federal RePORTER can be found in the FAQ page.

FY Total Cost
2009 NSF

National Science Foundation

$348,091

Results

i

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